DG Policy releases ‘Substitutionability’ Report

This recent report analyses current research, development and innovation policies in the area of substitution of critical raw materials.


  • The European economy is the largest in the world, with a strong industry, while the mineral production within EU does not satisfy the demand.

  • The issue of addressing challenges with the minerals supply, especially concerning certain critical raw materials (CRM), has arisen with recent market volatility that is partly a result of dependency on certain countries.

  • This study examines the present policy framework for substitution of CRM in the EU, in selected Member States, and in key benchmark countries including the United States of America, Japan and Republic of Korea.

  • Additional policies are recommended to further support substitution.

Coming Soon: Download the full report here (website login required).

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