Critical Raw Material Substitution Profiles – Revised May 2015

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reportcover_countryprofilesIn order to understand the opportunities and challenges presented by critical raw materials, and the areas where substitution could offer a solution, it was important to look at each individually. This report, the Critical Raw Materials Substitution Profiles, is a compilation of detailed profiles on each of the 14 materials identified as critical by the European Commission in 2010. Each raw material profi le provides a detailed analysis of the end uses of the material and goes on to examine where there are already substitution options or where alternatives might be easily developed. Development of the Critical Raw Materials Substitution Report was led by the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, in collaboration with CRM_InnoNet project partners.

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